Nawajiri is the term for the longer part of the rope. It is also called the “running end”. The nawajiri can also be the end of the rope just before the knots. It can be actively used for communication with the model and plays a great role as a real and metaphorical connection between the bakushi and the model.

The work with the Nawajiri is an essential part of the training. Especially in Yukimura-Ryû it plays a prominent role. This minimalist style emphasizes tension and requires great sensitivity and experience.


Nijûbishi (二重菱) belong to a group of shibari patterns that play an important role in Osada-ryû. They are based on the hishi, a diamond. This symbol is a stylized water chestnut and also appears in Japanese heraldry. Numerous family coats of arms (Kamon, 家紋) contain this symbol and it also appears in the company logo of the Mitsubishi car brand.

There are many variants and they are popular mainly because of the symmetrical shape. In addition, they show the skill of a bakushi, as great dexterity is required. Dexterity and the ability to maintain contact with the partner at the same time come to full fruition here.

The back resembles a Takatekote, but there are also possibilities to use Hôjô-Nawa techniques. Depending on the construction, even suspensions with these techniques are possible. It is important here that the weight distribution and the tension in the rope are perfectly matched.

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